Dahshur, is a royal necropolis located in the desert on the west bank of the Nile approximately 40 kilometres south of Cairo. It is known chiefly for the pyramids located there.

During the Old Kingdom the "Bent Pyramid" and the "Red Pyramid" were built there during the reign of Pharaoh Sneferu, father of Khufu. The unusual shape of the Bent Pyramid is unique, and represents a transitional pyramid form believed to have been the result of an engineering crisis encountered during its construction. The Red Pyramid is the world's first true smooth-sided pyramid.

Dahshur was Egypt's royal necropolis during the reign of the 12th Dynasty king Amenemhat II, and later Middle Kingdom kings also built pyramids there.

There are several other pyramids of the 13th Dynasty at Dahshur. but only that of Ameny Qemau has been excavated so far. Extensive cemeteries of officials of the Old and Middle Kingdom have also been found around Dahshur's pyramids.


Dahshur in Global Egyptian Museum

Dahshur in Artefacts of Excavation (The Griffith Institute)

Location of Dahshur

Models by site for Dahshur