Model Type
combination: baking / brewing
Breasted: 5. Brussels, Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire, E 785,17. Twelfth dynasty. Wood. Bakery with three figures. Woman squatting in front of fire, holding poker in hand; behind her, second woman leans over kneading-trough and forms long loaf of dough. Beside her is a large vase with narrow neck. Nearby is a male water-carrier holding two jars of water hung on two cords attached to a yoke balanced on his right shoulder; he holds stick in right hand. He wears long wig and cloth skirt. The women, who are yellow, also have white skirts; the kneeling one has in addition a cloth skirt. The water-carrier is red.
From Antinoe cl. B39. Base 31 cm. x 19 cm. x 13 cm.
Adapted from Ombres d'Egypte (p. 85): Model of brewery and of bakery - stucco and painted Wood -
H: 19,5cm. L: 32.8cm. B: 14.3cm - Antinoopolis (excavations of A, Gayet) - MK - 12 dyn.
The absence of the specific activity of brewing in a barrel would indicate that this model should be read as that of a bakery. However, the presence of the jug attests to the final result of production, while the protagonists, a man and two women, devote themselves to preliminary activities: bringing water, kneading a lump of barley, heating beer pots on a fire stoked by the squatting woman, and protected by two circular shaped flagstones. This is not the characteristic oven of the bakery.
Let us nevertheless bear in mind that activities are so much abbreviated here that they can undoubtedly admit of both such similar food productions, as those of bread and beer.
Sheikh Ibada
Tomb A
Mr-SnT and another
FIP to Senwosret I
Ref. for dating
Tooley-1989 p. 115
Musées Royaux d`Art et d`Histoire, Brussels
Accession number
Breasted Classification
II-1-8 PREPARATION AND PROCESSING OF FOOD - The Making of Bread. - Groups engaged in different stages of bread-making.
Base 31 cm x 19 cm x 13 cm
References (Bibliography)
BreastedJnr-1948 , II-1-8 5.
Gayet-1902 , pp. 40-41
Tooley-1989 , p. 24, Ill. 5:1
Warmenbol-1999 , p. 85, Cat Num 64
Museum Online Record Card
Links to Images and Other Refs


internal ID: 98