Model Type
combination: butchery / brewing / baking
Garstang Inventory: ii. Group of bakery and sacrifice, five figures.
GlobalEgMus: A model depicting brewing, baking and butchery, made from wood and gesso. On the left two women are grinding flour, a bread oven is next to them. A woman originally kneeling beside the oven is now lost. In the centre a man is cutting the throat of an ox with a flint knife; the legs of the ox are bound together and the man kneels with one hand pressing the head to the floor. To the right another man is pressing barley bread through a sieve into a vat where it will ferment when mixed with water and date juice. Beside him are other vats and sealed beer jars, two with net coverings. Models like this one, showing butchery, are from the tombs of nobles, the only Egyptians to eat meat regularly.
Tooley-1989 (p47): [The intact tomb BH 585 contained two burials each with a set of models] ... The set assigned to Xmn-nxti comprised 3 boats... a granary ... and a combined baker-brewer-butcher model (LM 55.82.7. Garstang 1907a, 94, fig. 84 bottom; Bienkowski 1986, 38).
Beni Hasan
BH 585
11th Dyn. to Amenemhat II
Ref. for dating
Tooley-1989 p. 47
Liverpool Museum, Liverpool
Accession number
Breasted Classification
II-4-2 PREPARATION AND PROCESSING OF FOOD - Model Scenes of Baking, Brewing, and Slaughtering. - Type 2 : Scenes of baking, brewing and slaughtering in one room or house.
GlobalEgMus: On permanent loan from the University of Liverpool collection.
References (Bibliography)
Bienkowski-Tooley-1995 , p. 13; pl.17
Garstang-1907a , pp. 94-5, fig. 84
Tooley-1989 , p. 47
Museum Online Record Card
Links to Images and Other Refs


internal ID: 484