Tomb Two Brothers - Nekht-Ankh and Khnum-Nekht at Rifeh


In 1907 Petrie excavated the rock-tombs of the XIIth dynasty at Rifeh. Most of these had been plundered, but he found an intact tomb cut into the courtyard of the larger tomb of Aa-khnumu. Petrie describes it as follows (references to plates removed):

It was at the east end of the south side of the courtyard [...] A descending slope led to a small chamber barely large enough to hold the funeral furniture, 80 inches long, 70 wide at the south-east back and only 50 in front. The positions of the objects are shown in P1. XI11 E. [see below] The heads of the coffins were toward the opening of the tomb. The finest coffin was that next to the canopic box. It contained (lying on its side) the beautifully decorated body coffin with the name of the ha-prince Nekhtankh In it were two figures of the deceased. The second coffin and body coffin are much inferior, and are for the brother, Nekht. In it was the figure wearing a wig. The canopic box, was in the corner of the tomb ; each side is similarly decorated. Inside it is divided to half-way up by cross boards of wood. Each compartment has a soft packing of fibre placed in it ; and on that is a pottery canopic jar, painted yellow and inscribed. Each jar has a carved wooden head, all human, stuccoed and painted. Upon the box stood a pan containing stalks and leaves. In front of it was a jar with similar stalks and leaves. Before that stood the two boats; the one for sailing up the Nile, with the men gathered to pull the rope raising the yard ; the other with the mast laid down, and the sweeps out for rowing down the Nile. With these stood the two female figures of servants carrying offerings. The whole of the funeral furniture and the larger coffins are as fine as anything known of this period, as will be seen from the photographs.

Excavation Report



Petrie W M F, Gizeh Rifeh, London., 1907
Murray M A, The Tomb of Two Brothers, 1910, Manchester: Sherratt & Hughes., 1910


  1. Nekht-Ankh and Khnum-Nekht