The first monument built at the site was the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh dynasty who reunited Egypt at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom. His mortuary temple was built on several levels in the great bay at Deir el-Bahri. It was approached by a causeway leading from a valley temple, which has been lost.
During the Eighteenth dynasty, Amenhotep I and Hatshepsut also built extensively at the site. The focal point of the Deir el-Bahri site the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut. It is a colonnaded structure, which was designed and implemented by Senemut, royal steward and architect of Hatshepsut , to serve for her posthumous worship and to honor the glory of Amun. The temple sits on top of a series of colonnaded terraces, reached by long ramps that once were graced with gardens. It is built into a cliff face that rises sharply above it, and focuses attention onto the temple.
The site also has private tombs dating from the Middle Kingdom through to the Ptolemaic period. One of these is that of Meketre (TT280) , which contains many painted wooden funerary models from the Middle Kingdom.
Adapted from Wikipedia
Deir el-Bahri in Global Egyptian Museum